Ten verses in Revelation 5 that allude to the OT

In Revelation 5.1 the one seated on the throne has a book sealed with seven seals.

  • In 1 Kings 22.19 and 2 Chronicles 18.18 Micaiah announces that he saw the Lord sitting on his throne.
  • In Psalm 47.8 says that God sits on his holy throne.
  • In Isaiah 6.1 Isaiah reports that he saw God sitting on a throne.
  • In Ezekiel 1.26-27 Ezekiel sees what looks like a throne with someone with a humanlike figure sitting on it.
  • Sirach 1.8 says that God sits on his throne and is to be feared.
  • Isaiah 29.11 compares a vision from God to the words of a book that is sealed.

In Revelation 5.5 one of the 24 elders tells John that Jesus is the Lion of the tribe of Judah and the Root of David, and that he has triumphed.

  • Genesis 49.9-10 compares Judah to a lion and says that the scepter will not depart from Judah until he has conquered all the peoples and receives tribute from them.
  • Isaiah 11.1 and 11.10 prophesy a shoot or branch that will come from the stump of Jesse (David’s father), bearing fruit and acting as a sign to the nations.

In Revelation 5.6 John sees a Lamb that had been slain, with seven eyes, before God’s throne.

  • Isaiah 53.7 compares the Servant of the Lord to a lamb being led to the slaughterhouse.
  • In Zechariah 4.10 the seven lamps from verse 2 are identified as the seven eyes of the Lord.

In Revelation 5.7 is another reference to the one seated on the throne.

  • In 1 Kings 22.19 and 2 Chronicles 18.18 Micaiah announces that he saw the Lord sitting on his throne.
  • In Psalm 47.8 says that God sits on his holy throne.
  • In Isaiah 6.1 Isaiah reports that he saw God sitting on a throne.
  • In Ezekiel 1.26-27 Ezekiel sees what looks like a throne with someone with a humanlike figure sitting on it.
  • Sirach 1.8 says that God sits on his throne and is to be feared.

In Revelation 5.8 John sees the 24 elders with bowls of incense, which he says represents the prayers of the saints.

  • Psalm 141.2 also compares prayers to incense.

In Revelation 5.9 the elders and the living creatures sing a new song because he has taken people from every tribe, language, people and nation.

  • Psalm 33.3, 96.1, 98.1, and 149.1 exhort the listener to sing a new song.
  • In Psalm 40.3 the psalmist affirms that God will put a new song in his mouth.
  • In Psalm 144.9 the psalmist promises to sing a new song.
  • Isaiah 42.10 exhorts people all the way to the ends of the earth, and the mariners and the inhabitants of the coastlands (i.e., all the nations) to sing a new song.

In Revelation 5.10 the elders and the living creatures sing that God has taken people from every nation and has made them a kingdom of priests, and they will reign on the earth.

  • In Exodus 19.6 it is Israel that is made a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.
  • Isaiah 61.6 comforts the exiles in Babylon and tells them that the nations will call them God’s priests and ministers. They will eat the wealth of the nations.

In Revelation 5.11 John says that the number of angels around the throne is myriads of myriads (ten thousands of ten thousands) and thousands of thousands.

  • Daniel 7.10 says that Daniel saw thousands of thousands serving God before his throne, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him to be judged.

In Revelation 5.12 the living creatures, elders and multitude sing, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing!”

  • 1 Chronicles 29.11 sings, “Yours, O LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the victory and the majesty….”
  • Isaiah 53.7 compares the Servant of the Lord to a lamb led to the slaughterhouse.

Revelation 5.13 is another reference to the one who is seated on the throne.

  • In 1 Kings 22.19 and 2 Chronicles 18.18 Micaiah announces that he saw the Lord sitting on his throne.
  • In Psalm 47.8 says that God sits on his holy throne.
  • In Isaiah 6.1 Isaiah reports that he saw God sitting on a throne.
  • In Ezekiel 1.26-27 Ezekiel sees what looks like a throne with someone with a humanlike figure sitting on it.
  • Sirach 1.8 says that God sits on his throne and is to be feared.

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