The structure of Revelation 15.1-16.21

John sees seven angels with the last seven plagues (Rev. 15.1)

John sees the victors at the sea of glass (Rev. 15.2-4)

John sees the sea (15.2a)

John sees the victors (15.2-4)

They were victorious over the beast (15.2b)

They hold harps (15.2c)

They sing the song of Moses and of the Lamb (15.3-4)

John sees activity in the heavenly temple (Rev. 15.5-8)

The tabernacle is opened (15.5)

Seven angels emerge with seven plagues (15.6)

Their emergence from the temple (15.6a)

Their clothing (15.6b)

A living creature gives bowls filled with God’s wrath to the seven angels (15.7)

Smoke renders the temple inaccessible (15.8)

A voice commands the seven angels to pour out their bowls (Rev. 16.1)

The bowl of the first angel (Rev. 16.2)

The angel pours his bowl (16.2a)

Those who worshiped the beast are afflicted with sores (16.2b)

The bowl of the second angel (Rev. 16.3)

The angel pours his bowl (16.3a)

The sea turns to blood, killing all sea life (16.3b)

The bowl of the third angel (Rev. 16.4-7)

The angel pours his bowl (16.4a)

The rivers and springs turn to blood (16.4b)

An angel proclaims that the punishment is just (16.5-6)

The altar affirms the justice of God (16.7)

The bowl of the fourth angel (Rev. 16.8-9)

The angel pours out his bowl (16.8a)

The sun scorches people (16.8b)

The people curse God and refuse to repent (16.9)

The bowl of the fifth angel (Rev. 16.10-11)

The angel pours out his bowl (16.10a)

Darkness covers the beast’s throne (16.10b)

The people curse God and refuse to repent (16.11)

The bowl of the sixth angel (Rev. 16.12-14)

The angel pours out his bowl (16.12a)

The Euphrates river dries up (16.12b)

The dragon, the beast and the false prophet emit frog-like spirits (16.13)

The frog-like spirits gather the world’s kings for battle (16.14)

Interlude: Jesus speaks (Rev. 16.15)

Jesus’ promise to come like a thief (16.15a)

Jesus’ beatitude on those who keep awake (16.15b)

The world’s kings gather at Armageddon (Rev. 16.16)

The bowl of the seventh angel (Rev. 16.17-21)

The angel pours out his bowl (16.17a)

A voice from the throne says it is finished (16.17b)

Cosmic phenomena attend (16.18-19)

List of the phenomena (16.18a)

The incomparability of the earthquake (16.18b)

God remembers and punishes Babylon and the cities of the earth (16.19)

The islands and mountains disappear (16.20)

Immense hailstones fall from the sky (16.21a)

People curse God for the hail (16.21b)

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