The structure of Revelation 12

The conflict between the dragon and the woman, part one (Rev. 12.1-6)

Introduction of the characters (1-3)

The heavenly woman (1-2)

Her appearance (1)

Her labor pains (2)

The dragon (3)

Introduction of the conflict (4-6)

The dragon sweeps stars down to the earth (4a)

The dragon prepares to eat the child when he is born (4b)

The woman gives birth to a future ruler of all humankind (5a)

The child is taken to God’s throne (5b)

The woman escapes to a place of protection (6)

Michael and his angels hurl the dragon and his angels from heaven to earth (Rev. 12.7-9)

A general description of the war (7)

The defeat of the dragon and his angels (8)

The hurling of the dragon and his angels to the earth (9)

A hymn celebrating God’s victory over the dragon (Rev. 12.10-12)

A proclamation that God’s and Christ’s kingdom has come (10a)

The reason: the Accuser has been hurled down! (10b)

A description of the martyrs’ victory (11)

A call to praise, directed at heaven (12a)

A woe, directed at the earth and sea (12b)

The conflict between the dragon and the woman, part two (Rev. 12.13-17)

The dragon pursues the woman (13)

The woman escapes to a place of protection (14)

The dragon attacks the woman with a torrent of water (15)

The earth protects the woman from the water (16)

The dragon leaves the woman in order to make war on her other children (17)


Source: author’s personal study

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