The structure of Revelation 18

A glorious angel announces the fall of Babylon (Rev. 18.1-3)

Description of the angel (1)

The angel’s announcement: Babylon is fallen! (2)

Reason: she has intoxicated, fornicated with, and aided the exploitation of the nations (3)

A voice speaks about Babylon (Rev. 18.4-19)

The call to flee Babylon (4-5)

The call proper (4a)

The reasons (4b-5)

To avoid being punished with her (4b)

Because God sees her sins (5)

The call to justly punish Babylon (6-8)

The call proper to punish Babylon (6-7a)

A description of Babylon’s boast (7b)

The consequences of her boast (8)

The reaction of kings (9-10)

Their reaction: lament (9-10a)

The content of their lament (10b)

The reaction of merchants (11-17a)

Their reaction: lament (11a)

Reason: no one buys their goods anymore (11b)

Catalogue of their goods (12-13)

Their exclamation (14)

Their reaction: lament (15)

The content of their lament (16-17a)

The reaction of sailors and sea travelers (17b-20)

Their reaction: view from afar (17b)

Their exclamation (18)

Their reaction: lament (19a)

The content of their lament (19b)

Call for God’s people to rejoice (Rev. 18.20)

A mighty angel symbolically portrays the destruction of Babylon (Rev. 18.21-24)

Prophetic action: the hurling of a boulder into the sea (21a)

Prophetic interpretation (21b-24)

Interpretation proper: Babylon will be thrown down in the same way (21b)

Catalogue of things never to be found in Babylon again (22-23a)

Description of her former influence (23b)

Reason for her punishment: she is guilty of the death of all the dead (24)

Source: author’s personal study.

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