Archive for 2. Outline

The structure of Revelation 17

An angel invites John to witness the punishment of a great prostitute (Rev. 17.1-3a)

The invitation (1)

The angel’s description of the prostitute (2)

The angel carries John to a desert (3a)

John sees a woman riding a beast (Rev. 17.3b-6a)

John’s vision of the woman (3b)

John’s description of the woman (4-6a)

Her attire (4a)

Her cup (4b)

Her title (5)

Her drunkenness (6a)

John and the angel converse about the vision (Rev. 17.6b-7)

John’s reaction to the vision (6b)

The angel’s astonishment at John’s reaction (7a)

The angel’s offer to explain the vision (7b)

The angel interprets the vision (Rev. 17.8-18)

The interpretation of the beast (8)

Was, is not, will return from the abyss, and will be destroyed (8a)

The unbelieving world will be astonished when it sees him (8b)

A call for wisdom (9a)

The interpretation of the seven heads (9b-10)

They are seven hills (9b)

They are also seven kings (10a)

Five of them have fallen (10b)

The sixth is (10c)

A seventh is coming to rule briefly (10d)

(parenthetical addendum regarding the beast, 11)

He is an eighth king (11a)

He ‘belongs to the seven’ (11b)

He is going to be destroyed (11c)

The interpretation of the ten horns (12-14)

They are ten kings (12a)

They have not yet received their kingdoms (12b)

For one hour they will receive their kingdoms (12c)

They are united in purpose (13a)

They will cede their authority to the beast (13b)

They will wage war against the Lamb (14a)

The Lamb and his followers will defeat them (14b)

The interpretation of the waters (15) – they are peoples, multitudes, nations and languages

God’s punishment of the prostitute (16-17)

Description of the destruction of the prostitute by the beast and the ten horns (16)

The divine purpose behind their destruction of the prostitute (17)

The interpretation of the prostitute (18) – she is the great city ruling over the world

Source: author’s personal study

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The structure of Revelation 12

The conflict between the dragon and the woman, part one (Rev. 12.1-6)

Introduction of the characters (1-3)

The heavenly woman (1-2)

Her appearance (1)

Her labor pains (2)

The dragon (3)

Introduction of the conflict (4-6)

The dragon sweeps stars down to the earth (4a)

The dragon prepares to eat the child when he is born (4b)

The woman gives birth to a future ruler of all humankind (5a)

The child is taken to God’s throne (5b)

The woman escapes to a place of protection (6)

Michael and his angels hurl the dragon and his angels from heaven to earth (Rev. 12.7-9)

A general description of the war (7)

The defeat of the dragon and his angels (8)

The hurling of the dragon and his angels to the earth (9)

A hymn celebrating God’s victory over the dragon (Rev. 12.10-12)

A proclamation that God’s and Christ’s kingdom has come (10a)

The reason: the Accuser has been hurled down! (10b)

A description of the martyrs’ victory (11)

A call to praise, directed at heaven (12a)

A woe, directed at the earth and sea (12b)

The conflict between the dragon and the woman, part two (Rev. 12.13-17)

The dragon pursues the woman (13)

The woman escapes to a place of protection (14)

The dragon attacks the woman with a torrent of water (15)

The earth protects the woman from the water (16)

The dragon leaves the woman in order to make war on her other children (17)


Source: author’s personal study

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The structure of Revelation 21.1-22.5

John’s vision of the new order (Rev. 21.1-2)

John sees a new heaven and a new earth with no more sea (21.1)

John sees the new Jerusalem descend from heaven (21.2)

John hears a voice from (near) the throne (Rev. 21.3-4)

God will dwell with humankind (21.3a)

God will be the God of his people (21.3b)

God will wipe away his people’s tears (21.4a)

The old order and its evils are gone (21.4b)

Seven words from the One seated on the throne (Rev. 21.5-8)

Declaration that he makes all things new (21.5a)

Command to write down his words (21.5b)

Declaration that it is finished (21.6a)

Identification as the Alpha and Omega, etc (21.6b)

Gift of the water of life to those who are thirsty (21.6c)

Promise of inheitance and God’s presence to those who overcome (21.7)

List of those whose destiny is the lake of fire (21.8)

An angel takes John to a mountain from which to see the Lamb’s bride (=city) (Rev. 21.9-10)

John’s description of the new Jerusalem (Rev. 21.11-22.5)

Its glory (21.11)

Its wall(s) and twelve gates (21.12-13)

Its foundation (21.14)

Its dimensions (21.15-17)

The materials from which it was made (21.18-21)

The materials for its walls (21.18)

The materials for its foundations (21.19-20)

The materials for its gates (21.21a)

The materials for its great street (21.21b)

What John does not see in the city (21.22-23)

There is no temple, for God and the Lamb are its temple (21.22)

There is no need for sun or moon, for God and the Lamb are its light (21.23)

Its dominion over the nations (21.24-26)

The nations will walk by its light (21.24a)

Kings will bring their splendor to it (21.24b)

It will not need to be closed at night (21.25)

The nations will bring their glory to it (21.26)

Those who will and will not gain entrance into the city (21.27)

Those who will not be allowed to enter (21.27a)

Those who will be allowed to enter (21.27b)

The river of life (22.1-2a)

The tree of life (22.2b)

The absence of the curse (22.3a)

The throne of God and the Lamb (22.3b)

The servants of God (22.3c-5)

They will serve God (22.3c)

They will see God’s face (22.4a)

God’s name will be on them (22.4b)

God will always give them light (22.5a)

They will reign forever (22.5b)

Source: author’s personal study

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The structure of Revelation 22.6-21

Three confirmations of the words of this book (Rev. 22.6-8a)

The angel vouches for the trustworthiness and divine source of the words (6)

The Lord speaks (7)

First of three “I am  coming soon” sayings (7a)

Beatitude for the faithful reader (7b)

John confirms he is an eyewitness (8a)

John’s interaction with the angel (Rev. 22.8b-11)

John attempts to worship the angel (8b)

The angel rebukes John (9)

The angel forbids John’s worship (9a)

The angel explains his identity (9b)

The angel redirects John’s worship to God (9c)

The angel commands John not to seal up the words of the book (10)

The angel tells John to let everyone continue in their present conduct (11)

The messages of the Lord Jesus to the listener (Rev. 22.12-20)

Second of three “I am coming soon” sayings (12)

Identification as Alpha and Omega, etc (13)

Beatitude for those who wash their robes (14)

List of those left outside the city (15)

Confirmation of the sending of the angel (16a)

Identification as Root, Offspring and Star (16b)

Invitations to come and drink the water of life (17)

Warnings (18-19)

Warning to those who add to the book (18)

Warning to those who take away from the book (19)

Third of three “I am coming soon” sayings (20a)

John’s authorial conclusion (Rev. 22.20b-21)

Amen (20b)

Prayer (20c)

Grace benediction (21)

Source: author’s personal study

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The structure of Revelation 14

The 144,000 and their song (Rev. 14.1-5)

John sees the Lamb and the 144,000 (1)

John hears a loud, musical sound from heaven (2)

The song of the 144,000 (3ab)

The 144,000 sing a song (3a)

Explanation: only the 144,000 can sing the song (3b)

Description of the 144,000 (3c-5)

They were redeemed from the earth (3c)

They kept themselves pure from defilement with women (4a)

They were purchased and offered to God and the Lamb as sacrifice (4b)

They do not tell lies (5)

The messages of the three angels (Rev. 14.6-12)

The message of the first angel (6-7)

Description of the angel with the eternal gospel (6)

The message of the angel (7)

Fear God, because the hour of judgment has come! (7a)

Worship God the Creator! (7b)

The message of the second angel: Fallen is Babylon that made the world drunk! (8)

The message of the third angel (9-11)

Protasis: If anyone worships the beast and receives the mark… (9a)

First apodosis: …he will drink of God’s wrath (9b-10a)

Second apodosis: …he will be tormented with sulfur (10b)

Amplification: the torment will be forever (11)

Call to endurance (12)

A beatitude on those who die in the Lord (Rev. 14.13)

A voice commands John to write (13a)

The content of what John is to write: a beatitude on those who die in the Lord (13b)

The Spirit affirms the content of the beatitude (13c)

The two harvests of the world (Rev. 14.14-20)

The first harvest (14-16)

John sees One like a Son of Man holding a  sickle (14)

An angel tells the Son of Man to reap (15)

The Son of Man swings his sickle (16)

The second harvest (17-20)

John sees a second angel holding a sickle (17)

A third angel tells the second angel to reap (18)

The second angel reaps (19-20)

The angel gathers the grapes and throws them into the winepress (19)

The blood of the trampled grapes overflows the winepress (20)

Source: author’s personal study

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The structure of Revelation 13

The beast from the sea (Rev. 13.1b-10)

The first beast’s emergence from the sea (1b)

John’s description of the first beast (1c-2c)

Horns and heads (1c)

General appearance (2a)

Feet (2b)

Mouth (2c)

The activities of the first beast (2d-8)

The beast receives authority from the dragon (2d)

The beast’s fatal wound heals (3a)

The whole world reacts to the beast (3b-4)

Astonishment (3b)

Following (3c)

Worship of the dragon (4a)

Worship of the beast (4b)

Hymn to the beast (4c)

The beast’s mouth (5-6)

The beast receives a mouth with which to blaspheme (5)

The beast uses his mouth to blaspheme (6)

The beast’s power and authority (7)

The beast receives power to conquer the saints (7a)

The beast receives authority to rule all the world (7b)

The whole world worships the beast (8)

Prophecy that the world will worship the beast (8a)

Description of those who will worship the beast (8b)

Prophetic call for response (9-10)

Call to attention (9)

Prophetic announcement about the inescapability of persecution (10a)

Call for endurance and faithfulness (10b)

The beast from the earth (Rev. 13.11-18)

The second beast’s emergence from the earth (11a)

John’s description of the second beast (11b)

Its horns (11b)

Its speech (11c)

The second beast’s activities (12-17)

Its work on behalf of the first beast (12)

Its performance of miracles, including fire from heaven (13)

Its deception of humanity (14a)

Its command to set up an image of the first beast (14b)

Its miraculous animation of the image to speak and to murder (15)

Its imposition of the mark of the name/number of the first beast (16-17)

The universal nature of the imposition (16)

The economic sanctions for those who do not receive it (17a)

Description of the mark (17b)

Prophetic call for response (18)

Call to exercise wisdom (18a)

The riddle of the number of the first beast (18b)

Information about the number of the first beast (18c)

Source: author’s personal study

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The structure of Revelation 18

A glorious angel announces the fall of Babylon (Rev. 18.1-3)

Description of the angel (1)

The angel’s announcement: Babylon is fallen! (2)

Reason: she has intoxicated, fornicated with, and aided the exploitation of the nations (3)

A voice speaks about Babylon (Rev. 18.4-19)

The call to flee Babylon (4-5)

The call proper (4a)

The reasons (4b-5)

To avoid being punished with her (4b)

Because God sees her sins (5)

The call to justly punish Babylon (6-8)

The call proper to punish Babylon (6-7a)

A description of Babylon’s boast (7b)

The consequences of her boast (8)

The reaction of kings (9-10)

Their reaction: lament (9-10a)

The content of their lament (10b)

The reaction of merchants (11-17a)

Their reaction: lament (11a)

Reason: no one buys their goods anymore (11b)

Catalogue of their goods (12-13)

Their exclamation (14)

Their reaction: lament (15)

The content of their lament (16-17a)

The reaction of sailors and sea travelers (17b-20)

Their reaction: view from afar (17b)

Their exclamation (18)

Their reaction: lament (19a)

The content of their lament (19b)

Call for God’s people to rejoice (Rev. 18.20)

A mighty angel symbolically portrays the destruction of Babylon (Rev. 18.21-24)

Prophetic action: the hurling of a boulder into the sea (21a)

Prophetic interpretation (21b-24)

Interpretation proper: Babylon will be thrown down in the same way (21b)

Catalogue of things never to be found in Babylon again (22-23a)

Description of her former influence (23b)

Reason for her punishment: she is guilty of the death of all the dead (24)

Source: author’s personal study.

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The structure of Revelation 4

John is taken up to heaven (Rev. 4.1-2a)

John sees an open door (1a)

The trumpet-like voice invites John to heaven (1b)

John is suddenly in the Spirit (2a)

John describes what he sees in heaven (Rev. 4.2b-11)

Description of the One seated on the throne (2b-3)

Description of the 24 elders (4)

Description of the area around the throne (5-6a)

Cosmic phenomena (5a)

Torches (5b)

A sea of glass (6a)

Description of the four living creatures (6b-8a)

Location and initial description (6b)

Description of the first living creature (like a lion) (7a)

Description of the second living creature (like an ox) (7b)

Description of the third living creature (like a human being) (7c)

Description of the fourth living craeture (like an eagle) (7d)

General description (8a)

Description of the heavenly worship (8b-11)

The praise of the living creatures (8b)

The praise response of the 24 elders (9-11)

Prostrating themselves (9-10a)

Laying down their crowns (10b)

Singing a hymn (11)

Source: author’s personal study

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The structure of Revelation 3.7-13

Letter to the church in Philadelphia (Rev. 3.7-13)

Command to write (3.7a)

Description of Christ (3.7b) – holds the keys of David, opens and closes irrevocably

The works that Christ recognizes (3.8-10a)

He knows their deeds (3.8a)

He has placed an open door before them (3.8a)

He knows that despite their weakness they have kept his word and did not deny his name (3.8c)

He promises to make their persecutors acknowledge his love for them (3.9)

He knows they have endured patiently (3.10a)

Consequence: he will keep them from the hour of trail (3.10b)

Complaint (omitted)

Commands of Christ for the church (3.11a) – hold on to what they have, because he is coming soon

Consequences (3.11b) – so that no one takes their crown

Concession (omitted)

Promise to the victor (3.12) – will be a temple pillar, will never leave the temple, will be written on him the names of God, the new Jerusalem and Christ

Call to attention (3.13)

Source: author’s personal study

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The structure of Revelation 2.18-29

Letter to the church in Thyatira (Rev. 2.18-29)

Command to write (2.18a)

Description of Christ (2.18b) – fiery eyes and bronze feet

The works that Christ recognizes (2.19) – love, faith, perseverance, service, improvement

Complaint (2.20-23)

Complaint proper: they tolerate Jezebel (20a)

Description of Jezebel (20b-21)

Description of her coming punishment (22-23)

Commands of Christ for [the faithful in] the church (2.24-25) – hold on to what they have

Consequences (omitted)

Concession (omitted)

Promise to the victor (2.26-28) – authority over the nations, the morning star

Call to attention (2.29)

Source: author’s personal study

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